Rumec was founded by Miguel Angel Suarez Meza in San José California in 2001.
Originally Rumec started as a construction company and during the years it developed in other areas of business and social impacts.
Philosophy and Mission
Rumec projects are centered around the idea of creating responsible business and commercial interaction that can bring benefits to different parts of the society.
Rumec believes in the interconnection between people and projects all around the world . The common denominator is consciousness and belief of fair distribution of wealth between all parts of the society and an equal possibility for every community to grow together in prosperity.
Rumec is involved in local community and social project such as: education, use of resources, artisanal production, business development, publicity and promotion.
Rumec promote and organize exportation of products from Mexico to other parts of the world.
natural product (green coffee, mango, avocado and more.)
artisanal works (handmade clothes, jewelry and handicrafts)
goods (soluble coffee, cacao, sauces, honey and more.)
Miguel Angle Suarez Meza.
Tel: +52 1 2291391874
Una de las alternativas que se han generado para diversos productos en México es la exportación a diversos países, lo que pudiera generar una proyección positiva en la economía nacional.
México y Chiapas no son la excepción, considerando que se tienen varios productos destacables como el café, este aromático grano que se ha venido a posicionar a nivel mundial.
En esta ocasión el café chiapaneco pretende incursionar en Arabia Saudita, y con ello poder seguir proyectando este grano tan importante en Chiapas y en el País.
En este sentido, el grupo Rumec ha sido pieza fundamental para este objetivo, pues a través de una gira en México, se realizó una búsqueda de productos que pudieran interesar en países pertenecientes a los Emiratos Árabes, lo que ha generado gran expectativa.
En este sentido, se han mandado muestras de café chiapaneco a Riyahad, Arabia Saudita, para una cafetería que tiene sede en esta misma ciudad como en Dubai, Omán, como en varias localidades de Estados Unidos.
A través de Mutah Beales Shabbaz, reconocido cantante y dueño de esta cafetería en aquel país, buscan introducir el café mexicano a los Emiratos Árabes, creando así una nueva ruta de comercio para el país y claro para el estado de Chiapas.
Cabe señalar que se tiene una gran expectativa que permita seguir abriendo mercados en favor de los mexicanos y por ende de los chiapanecos.
Cabe señalar que el grupo Rumec, estará presente en la feria de “Gulffoods”, con sede en Dubai, donde se pretende exhibir más de 200 productos mexicanos, en los que destaca la integración de por lo menos productos chiapanecos.
RUMEC & Agro Oman / Halal Oman – Agriculture, Fisheries, Food & Halal Exhibition & Conference 2017
Agro Oman will be showcasing the following;
Agriculture & Food Products, Aquaculture, Fisheries - Livestock, Fruits & Vegetables, Farming Technology, Greenhouse - Horticulture, Camels - Horses, Dairy - Poultry, Coffee - Tea – Dates - Honey, Frozen Meat - Preserved Food Industry, Environmental Management, Pesticides - Chemicals, Ventilation – Cooling – Heating - Feeding System, Slaughterhouses - Quartering Rooms, Machineries, Finance – Health – Logistics, Food Processing Technology, Organic Food - Halal Sector.
Exportation of Mexican goods to Dubai
RUMEC ACTIVIST HISTORY
May Day celebrates workers at De Anza
KC Lazatin May 13, 2010
The De Anza College club Students for Justice held a commemorative May Day event in the De Anza Main Quad on May 6. Guest speakers spoke on a variety of subjects, including the various injustices suffered by workers around the world, as well as the history of May Day itself.
May Day, or International Workers’ Day, is a celebration of workers worldwide.
While the earliest May Days were religious in nature, its modern roots stem from protests in the United States starting on May 1, 1884. The Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions declared a general strike in order to win an eight-hour work day, according to the Industrial Workers World handout passed out at the event.
Two years later in 1886, protestors in Chicago were shot at by police after a bomb was detonated by an unknown party, bringing about an angry and rapid rise of radical workers willing to stand up against unfair labor practices.
SFJ member Patrick Campbell emceed and helped plan the event.
“The solidarity between workers is what drove the event,” Campbell said.
The 4 Elements Hip Hop club kicked off and provided an intermission during the celebrations.
The speakers were the main attraction of the event. De Anza electrician, maintenance staff member and union leader Leo Contreras spoke about the health risks De Anza face staff when working graveyard shifts.
“Employees working the graveyard shift lose six to 10 years off their lives,” he said.
Dr. Ann Lopez, an instructor at San Jose City College, spoke about today’s capitalist society the increasing privatization of services and the transfer of the world’s wealth from the poor to the rich.
“Two hundred people in the U.S. have as much wealth as half of humanity … 800 people die every week in the U.S. due to a lack of health care,” Lopez said.
Brian Helmleyc and Steve Ongertz, members of the Industrial Workers of the World, spoke about the history of May Day. Blanche Monary, president of De Anza’s Association of Classified Employees, addressed budget cuts and ACE’s fight to reduce the amount of service positions cut at De Anza and Foothill Colleges.
Four members of the Rumec Company, an independent Latin-American construction company based in San Jose, spoke about discrimination against the poor. Other speakers, Luis Reyes and Craig D, spoke against the recently enacted immigration law in Arizona.
Also present were panels for activist clubs at De Anza, including the Leonard Peltier Support Group, Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlán, the Muckrakers Guerilla Theatre Group, the Gay-Straight Alliance, Socialist Organizers and SFJ.
Students came and went throughout the two-hour event, many passed through the Main Quad without stopping, but Matthew Wrightsman was present for the entire celebration.
“I’m here to learn more about these issues and to support my friends,” said Wrightsman, president of the Working to Institute a Sustainable Environment on the 37th Parallel club. “There are plenty of opportunities to learn outside of class, and this is one of them.”
STILL THE SAME VISION
.On April 18, Rumec was economically and morally destabilized with the deportation of Comrade Miguel Suarez to his native Mexico. With a successful construction business growing, assuming the leadership of the new labor movement and establishing a non-profit organization, Miguel Suarez was expelled from this country just moments before being exonerated of minor charges at traffic court in Santa Clara County.
For over 10 years, Miguel has been at the forefront of the Mexican struggle, establishing strong bonds with the Black community and creating an environment for oppressed groups to establish business connections as well as maintaining a revolutionary agenda.
Upon his arrival in the U.S. at the age of 18 about 12 years ago, Miguel had ambitions of becoming an independent business owner. From a labor element of the construction industry, Comrade Miguel grew to become a business owner who employed friends, family members and local community individuals. His alternative form of doing business allowed for his growth to acquire resources that were once unclaimed by his community. His acquisition of the historical building Cine Mexico, a community theater, is a symbol of his constant growth as a successful business owner.
Rumec was economically and morally destabilized with the deportation of Comrade Miguel Suarez to his native Mexico.
Maintaining a business was not the ultimate goal for Comrade Miguel. His observation of the necessity of organizing and educating our labor force was the purpose he felt obligated to fulfill. Miguel took leadership of the new labor movement – assigning people various duties, organizing the community and orienting everyone to the oppressive circumstances we face. His representation of our people was driven from a sense of duty and obligation to a fair and just cause. Leading and educating our people was Miguel’s daily task.
Liberating our oppressed labor force from corporate neo-liberalism was a passion that Miguel Suarez shared not only with Mexican groups, but also with the Black community. Being a believer of Black and Brown unity, Comrade Miguel educated us about the common African roots and heritage we share. Native to the land of the Olmecs and inspired by Yanga, Miguel promoted merging Brown and Black community business to liberate ourselves from economic slavery. Through music, art, public speaking and business ownership, Miguel had the passion to reach out and employ both oppressed groups.
Miguel took leadership of the new labor movement – assigning people various duties, organizing the community and orienting everyone to the oppressive circumstances we face.
With an insatiable appetite to educate and assist our people, Comrade Miguel was in the process of establishing a non-profit organization. By providing architectural forums in Spanish and English, informing workers of current construction codes and educating construction laborers on their rights in the industry, Comrade Miguel was providing a service to our community. This very same service, which our government is not providing for the people, is the basis of the non-profit in the construction industry. His idea was to prepare our people and arm them with knowledge to fight the ignorance and poverty that floods our streets.
The absence of Miguel Suarez in the movement has been felt by all his comrades. He was always creating an environment where people could meet and voice their opinion with the benefit of others in mind. He is the type of individual who reads people and can suggest how you may contribute to a common cause. His ideas ranged from educating our youth, developing independent business owners, establishing our own bank, financing the building of our own homes and establishing our own educational institutions.
Miguel Suarez was a threat to the system imposed on us. His vision went so far as changing the criminal mindset of people to a revolutionary business oriented way of thinking. This plan would ultimately fight the system that focuses on enslaving the mind of our men and women.
The absence of Miguel Suarez in the movement has been felt by all his comrades.
As a respected businessman, leader of a movement and father, Miguel Suarez will be missed in the community. The struggle will continue with his plan carried out by myself, Juan Ruiz, and comrades in the company. Now working with him internationally, Rumec will continue to carry on his legacy and educate our community on forming independent businesses. At the same time, we will fight ceaselessly to return Comrade Miguel Suarez to the community and family who need him.
On Dec. 31, 2011, at exactly 12 a.m., in the studio of Block Report Radio, hosted by JR Valrey on 94.1 KPFA, RUMEC was declared the new labor movement. For about 10 years before that night, RUMEC had operated as a construction company, which grew to a general construction agency incorporating all the branches of construction under one name.
Always projecting a progressive social agenda, RUMEC aspired to represent an organized labor force and grow into a revolutionary movement through a construction economic base. RUMEC is an acronym for Revolutionary United Mexicans in Combat, fighting corporate oppression, ignorance and poverty through construction.
Through RUMEC, with construction, we may see how imperative it is to have an economic base to foment a political movement. Even though this is a grassroots association, funding is required to maintain people united. As we have seen from other progressive movements, when there is no economic base to unite the people, there will be great difficulty in maintaining the movement, and ultimately it will fail.
Knowing that in our community in the city of San Jose, seven out of 10 people work in the industry of construction, we identified the potential of educating our people through construction labor. Construction workers have families to sustain, and in this economic downfall, competition and necessity was about to get the best of our community.
The labor pool lacked organization, and we could see how workers were discrediting their own labor in order to close a deal with a client and take the job from another hungry individual. We discovered the divide-and-conquer techniques which our people were practicing. This is where we identified the importance of establishing set rates for labor without discrediting effort and quality of work. RUMEC was the salvation for all the competition that was dividing us from one another, since construction was our specialty for economic survival.
Knowing that in our community in the city of San Jose, seven out of 10 people work in the industry of construction, we identified the potential of educating our people through construction labor.
Education and the acquisition of economic stability was our goal for our labor force. Through education we have changed the perspective our Mexican workers have of the industry. The outside forces behind the scene, pulling the strings that make us behave in such a manner where we stay divided, ignorant and poor, had to be broken. Education has been the base for changing the way our workers behave; we have set the prototype of the new consciously aware construction worker.
In our constitution, you may find the progressive way workers ought to think, dress, present themselves and project a positive work ethic. It is imperative for our people to know that we own the labor force; we have to think this way in order for others not to oppress us and steal our efforts in vain. Education has paved the way for our non-profit establishment which is soon to come. By educating and providing something for our people that this government is not providing, we have the opportunity to become established as a non-profit organization.
In our headquarters, we began providing architectural workshops, informative construction code and laws workshops, and educational revolutionary seminars. These workshops enable us to give purpose to all those individuals in unemployment. While they are waiting to get employed, our people are learning to read architectural plans and applying updated construction codes.
Education and the acquisition of economic stability was our goal for our labor force.
Construction workers searching for temporary employment in the parking lots of Home Depot can now prepare themselves and organize with set labor rates and a waiting list for work. People no longer have to search for jobs because we provide the labor for those on a waiting list while they are getting educated in our construction workshops. This enables us to maintain a non-profit status and make a living of providing a social service.
Inspired by Malcolm X, who organized the Black community through Muslim Mosque Inc. and The Organization of Afro-American Unity, RUMEC is establishing organization through construction inspired by our Muslim affiliates. We hold the belief of Malcolm X that you “leave your religion at the door” in a time of gathering for a greater cause. This is to say, that we are all-inclusive in our movement, regardless of any religious affiliation. We have great respect for the discipline and organization behind a religion, however.
RUMEC aspires to unify our people in the same manner that religion does, but without a specific religious affinity. Even though we are building a mosque in the city of Oakland with the grandson of Malcolm X, Malcom Shabazz, our religious stand is independent. No matter what religion you may advocate, as long as it is oriented to the benefit of the people, then we are in favor of it. In addition, our plans for a mosque will incorporate education for our children, a shelter for battered women and an epicenter for justice advocacy, which will be objective in all manners possible.
RUMEC has always aspired to represent a unified group of educated people through construction. On a daily basis, we operate as a business impregnating in our ethic our Mexican role models who developed an ideology through the industry of construction. Inspired by the idea of Federico Sanchez Fogarty, we have launched countless events designed to expand the public’s awareness of RUMEC as a cultural symbol in construction.
Inspired by Malcolm X, who organized the Black community through Muslim Mosque Inc. and The Organization of Afro-American Unity, RUMEC is establishing organization through construction inspired by our Muslim affiliates.
Through our written contributions to journals and newspapers, we allude to the ideological aspect embedded in our culture. Our architects have sought out to represent the new reality of the post-economic downfall of California through RUMEC. This clear and concise representation surpasses the architecture of Halliburton, which has only paved a history of crumbling a country to pieces and running a war only to reconstruct the infrastructure.
RUMEC is the total opposite of that; we represent the architecture in our culture. From the mother civilization of Olmec architects, we have found that construction is a cultural aspect of our roots. Rather than crumbling another culture to pieces, we aspire to provide pro-bono work for the people of Afghanistan. In collaboration with Samshia Razaqi of Omeid International, we have plans to work with Immortal Technique, building a program in the benefit of the people affected by the American invasion. Due to our progressive agenda, we can furnish construction projects such as these.
Inspired by the idea of Federico Sanchez Fogarty, we have launched countless events designed to expand the public’s awareness of RUMEC as a cultural symbol in construction.
Through our work plan, we can complete even the smallest of jobs which range from bathroom remodels to erecting a commercial building. Currently, we are building a commercial building along with Toro Construction of San Jose. This company is a strong supporter of the conscious labor movement behind RUMEC. Toro Construction has been a victim of institutional racism in the construction industry since he is known to employ members of his local community. It is common that when a minority group of people projects financial unity, they are brought down by greater discriminatory forces.
The most recent project RUMEC has embarked on is the historical theater Cine Mexico on 25th Street and Santa Clara Avenue. With a complete renovation, Cine Mexico will operate as the cultural epicenter for the Mexican community, working in conjunction with all other progressive minority ethnic groups. With this construction project, RUMEC will develop business opportunities and educational programs through art and entertainment.
In addition, RUMEC has joined forces with Willie Ratcliff of Liberty Builders to develop construction projects in the near future. This will unify labor forces in the Bay Area, at the same time maintaining a progressive revolutionary conscious.
Overall, RUMEC has been at the forefront of the new labor movement. We would like to unify our people through construction, religion, art, music and education. We seek the liberation from outside forces that foment ignorance, oppression and poverty. We aspire to escalate into an established position of recognition and respect as an independent, all inclusive institution that represents our striving people.
RUMEC PROJECT * Edits by the Ambassador Of Rumec. Ryan Ward
Miguel Suarez discusses the resurrection of his business & movement Rumec, a platform with the capacity for universal unity and cooperation. With propensity & intelligent business deals, we can ensure workers are getting paid fairly and are working in suitable conditions. Miguel pauses mid-sentence “It may seem extraordinary that our vision is ambitious, though with a lack of basic human rights internationally, we put their struggle at the heart of our ethics, how we conduct our business.”
Our core values and mission, can be observed at our 16 years of history.
Rumec is a unique business and civil project in the vicinity of connecting with a range of diverse , flexible , international communities in order to provide excellent business opportunities as well as our objective to reinvest our finances into the communities who need our financial &support. We maintain & develop a flexible working environment for our partners.
Our field of work and expertise is within the construction & coffee markets, although with accelerated growth and forming new partnerships consistently, our expertise will expand through many proficiency’s in the near future.
Rumec founder Mr.Miguel Suarez who has worked in the construction business, for the majority of his career in California, has 13 years of fortunate experience within the industry. He’s originally from Veracruz ( Heroica ) which is a major port city and municipality on the Gulf of Mexico, Which is rich for its coffee farms – that are currently unexposed internationally, Though with his family background – he has had the opportunity to learn everything there is to know about the potential of the coffee from this region. We intend through our platform and our associations in this region , we can implement our ethics into our projects and ensure the workers on the farms have suitable working conditions & being paid fairly.
Within the last exiguous amount of years, Miguel & the entire Rumec team have developed a project which carries the power to unite the people and to cooperate for a better and more just future. The team have incorporated long hours and strenuous acts of valor in ambition that our mission will eventually help communities in Mexico and ultimately also around the world.
At Rumec we have developed a strong list of partners and sponsors on its side, To name a few :
· Grupocobos ~ http://grupocobos.com.mx/
· Amtasociados ~ http://amtasociados.com/
· The cosy café ~https://www.facebook.com/liive.cosycafe/
· Grohs ~ http://www.martin-grohs.com/
· Iwal ~ http://www.iwal.com.mx/
· Visaproces~ http://visaprocess.com.mx/
The project is ambitious and for that is surely interesting and fascinating.
The concept of connecting people to construct business opportunities and at the same time providing a base of values that every part of the project would share is very intriguing.
Rumec’s aim is to connect companies with employers, at the same time to construct a harmonic environment through shared values & dialogue. This harmonic environment would positively affect the business in which we conclude on all aspects, to the workers on the construction sites and the farms, Investors, Project Managers, all who are involved.
In this world new ideas are crucially needed and new revitalizing projects, which will shape the future of our generation and generations to come. We will become more cooperative and less competitive, this strategy is absolutely more productive and effective. If you would like to get involved, sponsor, conclude business with Rumec and there is a common goal, values – We would whole heartedly honor an invitation.
In many top companies around the world (starting with Toyota) the workers have a core and recognized role. In the sense that worker’s thoughts and ideas are taken into consideration and evaluated by the managers and coordinators. This type of company’s managing approach is used in order to provide a good work environment for everyone. So everyone would cooperate at their working potential for the company’s success and productivity.
An abounding amount of management engineers strongly believe that employees can provide optimal indication, feedback to aid & improve in the company’s efficiency. So managers and coordinators would be able to listen to feedback and would consider those as factors that could help the company’s improvement.
Every section of a company or business can contribute harmonically to its success and prosperity.
Our idea is to be an example of a platform in which helps other companies connect with people & resources. Rumec can be the beginning of a new era , in the way in which we unite businesses together with shared values for a better future.
Rumec also has an education program and project. We believe strongly that education is the fundamental key to improve conditions universally, best chance for many to escape poverty. As Malcolm X stated “ Education is the passport to the future.”. Each generation if it is provided with an quality education can generate new ideas and new projects that can eventually lead the communities to a better and stronger future.
Having a functional and innovative educational system can help any community grow and rise at its best.
Our core values lays the groundwork of the path in which we are on, the inequalities , injustices around the globe is what pushes us along, and our destination is to a more educated & equal society where justice prevails ignorance & corruption.
Stay in touch with our progress through our platform at (firstname.lastname@example.org) which is under construction temporary, will give you an idea of our projects and it will provide you with essential information about Rumecs construction business experience.
Rumec construct equality. A movement for people guided by unity and cooperation.
Minister of education at Rumec
Ambassador at Rumec
With kind regards
Miguel Angel Suarez
WE CARE ABOUT EDUCATION
Importance and fundamental role of education in young children life and future.
Good Education: a way to develop and improve our society and communities.
· A good Education has to be provide to everybody if we want that everybody participates fairly to community life
· Education as Way to change
· Education as freedom tool
· Education as a mind opener and critical thinking grower
· Education as a chance for everybody to discover their talents and given skills to put in use for a better future
· Good education for everybody as people right and for social justice.
Education systems development made possible for most rich countries to grow and improve standards of life in the past decades.
Once a good basic level of education was provided to most of the population the society made big steps in different fields. More people had good education so more people were able to participate functionally and creatively to society improvements: in science, in social issues, in arts, in technology and in all the cultural aspect of a modern society.
So the step of providing the people with a good level of education is fundamental to make possible any society to grow, move and improve.
One big reason why less developed countries around the world struggle to grow and get better is the difficulty on creating and homogeneous and largely shared education system which should provide good education to future generations.
Of course in our world most things in a big scale depend on money to be done.
But even without big money resources communities could reach a good level of education.
How can this be achieved?
Well it’s fundamental to have well prepared and open mind teachers or tutors who can guide and manage an education transformation.
This process can start, like many things from a small scale and from limited resources, but it’s very important that the people who are in possess of information and knowledge to teach, shares very fundamental values and perceive the way through which the goal would be reached.
The values that could be shared by teachers are global values that are always been present in human beings like: equality, respect for others, open mind, altruism, and faith in a better future.
Teachers from more or less developed countries could share these ideas.
Teachers should collaborate and share information. Some teachers would have more knowledge on some academic and technical field and others would have more information about day to day life and perception of reality.
So qualitatively there’s no difference. All information can be important regarding from which field of knowledge come from. “Western” countries usually tend to underestimate some type of knowledge (like harmony with nature and comprehension of life in a holistic way) more present and considered in other countries. On another side “not western” countries are usually less in possess of scientific and technological understanding than more “developed” countries.
So a couple of important points to consider on education developing process are:
1. Not underestimate any type of knowledge or concept.
2. Share openly information and keeping an open mind.
Once teachers who shares values, knowledge and goals will be put in condition to work with kids and young adults they will provide the right learning environment for the students to bloom.
Having new generations on a large scale exposed to good education even in developing countries will bring little by little future changes to society.
What Rumec can do in the current time is to provide just useful and not controlled information for the public.
Rumec is building its website where there will be an education section and its related academic information database.
Also Rumec will share ideas, teaching methods and approaches for teachers who feel the same on positive values mentioned previously.
****** this part is a dream********
Rumec also will try in the future to be more active on the field.
A better education is possible. It might be not easy to start with this project at the beginning, considering that many poor communities around the world don’t have good infrastructure, materials or resources. But a good shared goal and positive values is a good base to start with.
And we should consider that it’s not money that makes the world go around but it’s people, their energy, their passions and their good will. People, human beings, conscious beings that share and cooperate is the key for a better future.
So have faith in cooperation and in a better future.
RUMEC & RAMBUTAN
The name rambutan is an Indonesian word that means "hairy". The fruit does look hairy. The fruit is green in color when not yet ripe. Once ripe the outside of the fruit turns red. The flesh on the inside of the rambutan is white in color.Rambutan is native to Indonesia and Malaysia. Rambutan trees grow naturally in Thailand, Mexico, Vietnam, the Philippines and elsewhere in Southeast Asia.
Se comercializara rambután a los Emiratos Árabes Marzo 14 Por: Ramón García / Cp COMPARTIR
Con la exportación de 40 toneladas de rambután a Medio Oriente, productores de la región comercializarán la fruta exótica a Emiratos Árabes, la expectativa es alta porque en esos países la economía y la moneda son de un alto valor, aunque reconocen que se trata de un esfuerzo propio porque aún no existe ayuda que del Gobierno Federal y Estatal.
El responsable de vinculación comercial, Miguel Ángel Suárez, informó que el rambután del Soconusco por su calidad y sabor tiene gran demanda en los mercados internacionales, por ello a partir de esta temporada se iniciará con la exportación de unas 40 toneladas hacia Emiratos Árabes y el producto llegará a Dubai.
En ese sentido, señaló que Dubai se ha convertido en uno de los países con una economía pujante y con una gran demanda de productos agrícolas, por lo que la fruta del Soconusco tiene grandes ventajas para ser comercializada en los países árabes, además la época de cosecha de la región no concuerda con la de Tailandia, principal exportador de rambután a esta parte del mundo.
Señaló que México cuenta con la capacidad de surtir los mercados del mundo, pues de mayo a noviembre en el Soconusco se cosecha alrededor de 20 toneladas diarias, pero ahora los productores tienen problemas para colocar sus productos porque no hay apoyo de las autoridades.
Mencionó que se espera que a partir de mayo se inicie con la comercialización de aproximadamente 40 toneladas de fruta vía aérea hasta Dubai, por la poca vida de anaquel que tiene el producto y con base a la aceptación que tenga se estudiarán las estrategias para acrecentar la exportación a los Emiratos Árabes.
“La ventaja de la exportación a Dubai es que ellos son los que demandaron el producto mexicano y además ya conocen la fruta, por lo que la calidad y sabor del rambután del Soconusco serán la llaves para posicionarlo, pero sobre todo generar mayores divisas para los productores y demás personas que viven de esta actividad”, aseveró.
Señalaron que en promedio el precio de kilogramo de rambután en la región es de 15 pesos, mientras que en otros países es alto, incluso señalaron que en Dubai alcanza un precio de hasta 470 pesos el kilogramo, por lo que la meta es posicionar el producto del Soconusco en este país, y tener mejores ingresos económicos.
RUMEC AGENCIAS & SERVICIOS
RUMEC ARTE Y CULTURA
RUMEC & MANGO
RUMEC AGRO FOODS
RUMEC AND 2008 USA PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE
May 9, 2013
by The People’s Minister of Information JR
Cynthia McKinney’s fundraiser tour for the SF Bay View was a huge success up and down California, hitting San Diego, Los Angeles, Oakland and Santa Rosa. The tour, which was titled “Latin America, Africa, and Obama,” coincided with the release of McKinney’s second book, “Ain’t Nothing Like Freedom,” an autobiography about her years as a six-term Congress member from Georgia.Hundreds of people came out to hear the internationally known peace activist speak about attending the funeral of Venezuela’s Hugo Chavez and the U.S. refusing to acknowledge the results of the most recent election, which brought Maduro, Chavez’ vice president to power as the newly elected president of the leading Bolivarian Revolutionary nation.
McKinney talked extensively about Obama’s domestic policies including his willingness to cut social security and his foreign policies, including the U.S. military’s use of drones and depleted uranium ammunition in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya and Somalia and their effect on the population of these nations.
McKinney described the work of the late great Muammar Qaddafi, who was assassinated by U.S. and NATO backed forces in 2011, and the revolutionary government he created, called the Libyan Jamahariya. Most people listening in the audience had heard very little about the accomplishments of the bloodless Libyan revolution in 1969 that transformed Africa’s poorest occupants and by 2011 made them the richest on the continent per capita due to his nationalization of the nation’s oil wealth.
Due to Cynthia McKinney being harassed and searched at the Atlanta airport for 45 minutes, she was over an hour late to her speaking engagement at the WorldBeat Cultural Center in San Diego to kick off the tour. About 40-50 people waited to hear her talk about politics and to get both of her books. Her first book, “The Illegal War in Libya,” released last fall, sold out after only the second event. Shout out to Makeda of the WorldBeat and Mario of One Hundred Strong for helping to organize this event.
On Cynthia’s second and third stops, in Ingelwood and Los Angeles, she cordially facilitated political discussions, opening up for questions after about 20 minutes of speaking. She talked about knowing how to speak French, but acknowleged that today, Spanish is the language of the revolution, alluding to the recent revolutionary actions of Ecuador, Venezuela, Cuba, Bolivia and other countries.She also told the crowd that she was working on her Ph.D. at Antioch University and that her dissertation is on Hugo Chavez and the Bolivarian Revolution in Latin America.
At Chuco’s Justice Center in Inglewood, Black Panther legends the Freeman Brothers and Kathleen Cleaver were in the audience supporting the freedom fighting peace activist. At Ben Caldwell’s Kaos Network, a whole ‘nother group of activists came out to be informed. Shout out to Akua Agusi and Billion of the Ujima Council for helping to organize the LA wing of the tour.
While in Los Angeles, Cynthia was interviewed in the early morning on April 22 by Dominique DiPrima of Stevie Wonder’s KJLH radio station. She also was interviewed by Eric Mann of KPFK about her political views.
On her fourth stop, Oakland came out in numbers to Laney College to hear the words of Cynthia McKinney in an event organized by the Laney College Black Student Union. The hundred plus seat lecture hall was almost filled to capacity with people eager to listen to her presentation. Bay View publisher Willie Ratcliff introduced Cynthia. Black Panthers Arthur League and Elder and Ronald Freeman were also in the house right alongside former San Quentin 6 member Johnny Spain, who participated in the discussion, adding stats about mass incarceration.
The last stop on the tour was Santa Rosa’s Arlene Francis Center, which was attended by approximately 70 people. McKinney was brought to Santa Rosa by the San Jose-based Mexican activist construction firm Rumec.At this event, Cynthia brought Brianna Brooks, a 20-year-old Black Latina, on stage; she had told Cynthia earlier that she was inspired by her work. Though she said she gets nervous in front of crowds, Cynthia urged her to share a few words. Then Cynthia announced that when her time is up, the young sista will be the next in line to politically deal with people’s concerns.
Ben Saari of KTWF radio was in the audience recording the audio and community TV broadcaster Elaine Holtz had a film crew there videotaping. A number of people from Sonoma helped organize this event including Carole Hyams, Peter Phillips and Morris Turner.
The “Latin America, Africa, Obama” tour was so successful that we are gearing up to bring it to the East Coast in late June or early July. Before the last event, Cynthia ran out of the 80 or so books that we brought on the tour, so we had to take the names of people who wanted to buy autographed copies to be shipped to them.
A day after the tour ended, Cynthia McKinney, our tireless voice of conscience, flew to Addis Ababa to address the treatment of Palestinians she observed on her several efforts to break the blockade by sea and land.
Cynthia McKinney is definitely a people’s champ in much the same way as El Hajj Malik Shabazz and MLK. She carries their torch in our time and is now leading an international struggle for Black and poor people’s human rights. She needs and deserves your support – just like the SF Bay View newspaper and Block Report Radio, who brought you this tour.
Block Report Radio interviews Cynthia McKinney
This interview, recorded just before the tour began, was broadcast on KPFA April 22 by Greg Bridges on his show, Transitions on Traditions.
Minister of Information JR Valrey of Block Report Radio: Our next guest is six time congresswoman and 2008 Green Party candidate and international peace activist, the one and only Honorable Cynthia McKinney. How are you?
Congresswoman Cynthia McKinney: I’m doing great, JR. How are you doing?
M.O.I. JR: I’m good. I know we are only days away from your upcoming California tour, where you’ll be helping the San Francisco Bay View newspaper to raise money for its very much needed services to the community. But you will also be profiling your new book, “Ain’t Nothing Like Freedom.” Can you tell the people a little bit about what’s going on at this tour that will stop on April 24 at Laney College and will also go to the Arlene Francis Center in Santa Rosa on April 25. Can you tell the people a little about what you’ll be talking about?
CM: Well, of course. I’ll be talking about the contents of both of the books. The Libya book came out while the bombing was still going on in Libya. I took a group of journalists there so that we could tell the truth about what was happening on the ground rather than what the propagandizing media were saying to the world about what was being done in Libya.
And then the other book, the newest book, is “Ain’t Nothing Like Freedom,” and that book basically is about my time in Congress and what I felt as I was doing certain things on certain issues. I talk a lot about the World Conference Against Racism and the difference that we were able to make because we cared enough to challenge the Bush administration’s decision to boycott the conference. And we contrasted that to what happened recently under the Obama administration, where a similar decision was made, but the members of Congress chose to go along with the Obama administration.So I guess you could say that “Ain’t Nothing Like Freedom” is a recounting of my experiences inside Congress and things I think could make the Congress more responsive to the issues of the people – and how I felt just as a human being, as a person going through a smear campaign, multiple redistricting, the things that people said about me, the “soft repression,” I call it now: the stigmatizing, the ridiculing and ultimately now the silencing that I’m experiencing because I dare to speak out. And that’s interesting phraseology in and of itself: You speak out and so you get silenced, you know.
And I’ll be talking not only about my experiences but how I felt, because at the end of the day I have feelings just like everybody else. And so even though maybe I am a public person, I’m not supposed to have feelings? But my mother and my father’s hearts were broken by the treatment that I received. My mom still shudders at the idea of me going out in public and having to be viewed through the prism of the local news, because she knows they have a special interest and they are just not going to get it right; and I’ll end up looking like a caricature of myself.
I would like people to come out so they can experience me as a person – not as a product, not as a politician, not as a public persona – but me as an average American person just trying to make a difference.
M.O.I. JR: No doubt about that, and we support you. Can you tell the people a little about the content of your NATO book, or your book that deals with Libya?
CM: Well, we were fortunate enough to have people who contributed to the book who were there in Libya as the bombing took place, so we have that perspective. We also had the perspective of people who either lived in Libya or visited Libya prior to the bombing, and they gave that perspective. And then we had people who had an interest in Libya, had never been there but recognized the importance of this move by NATO, representing the White world supported by segments of people of color, so they had a particular view to present as well, and that was all there.
And I talk about what NATO represents. I just finished doing an interview where I was asked about apartheid in Israel, and it brings to mind the nature of global apartheid that continues to exist. I’ve had the opportunity to travel all over Europe, and I’ve seen Africans in Europe. Now the Europeans have gone into Africa and they have just completely decimated the continent to the best of their ability by stripping it of its resources, beginning with the stripping of its human resources during the transatlantic slave trade.
The numbers are staggering when you think about 100 million people being stripped out of a continent. It’s staggering to think about, to see this kind of destruction. So when Africans say, OK, you’ve made my home an intolerable place to live so I’m going to go to your home and live. Then that’s when you can see the apartheid inside the European countries. Through my travels, I have come to view this global apartheid.And then what is the function of NATO? NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, was created as an outgrowth of World War II, which saw as its purview the preservation of “democracy” as opposed to communism or socialism in the Western European countries. While I was in Congress, I was one of the persons who voiced my opposition to the extension of NATO into areas in Eastern Europe.
Actually, NATO is an anachronism now. It was created to thwart the drive of the Soviet Union into Western Europe, and now we see NATO all over the world. It’s in Afghanistan, it was in Libya; it’s gone from Western Europe to Africa and Asia. And why is that?
What are the policies that are being protected by this military onslaught against people of color? Clearly the interests that are being protected are not the interests of the people in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Libya and other interests. We have to look at this, and I kind of just stumbled on this as a result of my travels and the glaring inequalities – glaring apartheid-like status of people of color in European countries – and then the sort of obverse of that in the countries that are populated by people of color. So I’m just putting voice to that now.
M.O.I. JR: You recently traveled to Caracas, Venezuela, and attended the funeral of the late great freedom fighter and president of Venezuela, Hugo Chavez. Can you tell the people a little about that experience as well as the counter-revolution that the United States has been trying to implement? You know, what’s going on on the ground in Caracas and in Venezuela?
CM: Well, first of all I have to state that I have always had a sense of solidarity with the peoples of Latin America, but that sense of solidarity was never really fully expressed. I have to say a word of thanks to my professor – I’m doing work on my Ph.D. and I am making great progress and great strides, and at the proper time I intend to invite everybody to come to my graduation – but it was one of my professors who suggested that I spread my wings and expand my territory beyond that which I knew. I do not speak Spanish; I do speak French, and so as a result of the similarities of the romance languages I am able to understand a bit of Spanish although I can’t speak it.
So I decided to get into some research on the U.S. policies, for example, with the Puerto Rican independence movement and the counter-intelligence program that operated against the Puerto Rican independentistas. From there my interest and my solidarity has grown such that I am now doing papers on Venezuela and Hugo Chavez.
Venezuela is in the midst of having elections after having lost its charismatic and transformative leader, so there is a lot of public sentiment that Nicolas Maduro will win the election. Now there’s some – I think a replay of what happened in Iran is under consideration – because of course the efforts of the United States government, which is against the values and the policies of the Bolivarian Revolution, are to thwart the victory of Nicholas Maduro and to taint the election process.But, given that my very last election that I was in for Congress had people all over the state of Georgia voting in my single congressional district race, it’s unfathomable to me that anyone could suggest that elections abroad are tainted when it is clear that elections here at home are tainted, and we haven’t taken care of that business yet.
M.O.I. JR: Right. How do you feel about what was going on in the streets? Did you see the people calling Hugo Chavez a dictator like you do on mainstream news in the United States, or did you see the people supporting the Bolivarian Revolution as I saw in a lot of the alternative press that was also covering his passing?
CM: Well, there were millions of people in the streets; in fact, there were so many people who were at the military academy where he lay in state that I couldn’t even get close. The second time I went – I just came back maybe a week and a half to two weeks ago – I was there with an international delegation and they had to close the place off. We originally were scheduled to go in the morning, and we couldn’t go because there was still a crush of people there.
I saw people wailing in the streets. People were crying, people were angry, people were defiant, people were accusatory. I saw a full range of emotions there. And the interesting thing is I really have to question a person who puts the values and interests of another country ahead of their own country. We see that happening here in the United States as well. Those of us who hold fast say that there ought to be primacy of the rule of law and the protection of the Bill of Rights ought to be extended to every U.S. citizen. Yet we have people who stake their loyalty out for other countries and then follow what’s determined to be the interests of the other countries.
That is what the case is in Venezuela: You have a very small population of people who look to the United States for leadership and guidance. If this means that their fellow Venezuelan citizen has to suffer, then so be it, because they tie their identity so closely to that of the United States that they forget about the interests of their fellow Venezuelans, and I find that peculiar and sad.
M.O.I. JR: For those who are just tuning in, you are listening to the voice of international peace activist Cynthia McKinney right here on the Block Report. Ms. Cynthia McKinney, can you compare Hugo Chavez – Venezuela under Hugo Chavez – to Qaddafi’s Libya? What exactly were the two leaders about and what were their countries about under their leadership, as well as what is the similarity in how they were attacked and removed? Some say that Hugo Chavez was assassinated; we know that Qaddafi definitely was assassinated. Can you talk a little bit about the attacks on them and their countries by the United States as well as the similarity of their accomplishments?
CM: That’s a very interesting point that you bring out. I remember it was in 2002 when the world learned about the kidnapping of Chavez because the Irish journalists just happened to be there and produced the documentary, “The Revolution Will Not Be Televised.” What was it that Chavez was doing that was similar to what Qaddafi was doing?Another president comes to mind in that region who was very close to Hugo Chavez and that’s President Aristide. After the Haitians defeated the French empire and declared a republic in 1804, Haiti was forced to pay reparations for their freedom to France. And President Aristide said it’s time for us to get our money back. We need to get our money back. France needs to pay us reparations.
And so Aristide began to turn the Haitian state around to invest in the Haitian people. When I was there, there was an effort to address the abysmal statistics on adult literacy, on sanitation – just the things we take for granted. I was there not too long ago where people were celebrating the fact that they had their first road coming into the town. For these kinds of investments, the administration in Haiti was derided. It accepted thousands of doctors from Cuba and petrodollars from Venezuela to build those roads and to uplift the people.
We saw what happened with President Aristide: He was kidnapped and kicked out. And the same thing happened to Hugo Chavez. Now what is it that he was doing? He was investing in the Venezuelan people for literacy. In fact, it’s so amazing: I just got back, as I said, and the people brag about reading. Can you imagine people bragging in the United States about reading? It doesn’t happen.
Hugo Chavez was investing in the Venezuelan people for literacy and the people brag about reading. Can you imagine people bragging in the United States about reading?
People brag in Venezuela about reading. They love their Constitution, they vote the Constitution, and so they love their Constitution. And they read and they read and they read because Hugo Chavez told them to read – to become a reading society. There are tens of thousands of Cuban doctors there. The petrodollars are being used to build schools and provide health care. Every neighborhood has a community garden where they have organic food. So their quality of life was being raised for the average Venezuelan in the Bolivarian Revolution.
And they read and they read and they read because Hugo Chavez told them to read – to become a reading society.
And now remember that Dick Cheney said that it was the American quality of life that justified the United States going across the world to 60 countries and declaring war on 60 countries. Dick Cheney said that this was a fight that was worth it because it was about the American quality of life. So is your quality of life better today than it was before the war on terror? For the average American citizen, it’s not.
The quality of life was measurably better for the average Venezuelan, the average Haitian, the average Libyan. The statistics from the United Nations indicate that Libya had the highest standard of living on the entire African continent. Not any longer. The subsidized education, subsidized housing, actually free education, free health care, subsidized food, free farming utensils if you wanted to start a farm.
Every so often there was a debt jubilee: People would charge up their credit cards buying Western things, and so there was a jubilee on that and people would be relieved of that debt. When was the last time that happened here?
The statistics from the United Nations indicate that Libya had the highest standard of living on the entire African continent.
You know, what we are experiencing, particularly in Latin America now, is a different vision for a different way of living and a different way of being, a different way of being human, and it’s about our humanity to each other, it’s how we treat each other, how we live with Mother Earth, how we live with each other. I met a U.S. citizen when I was there this last time in Venezuela, and she chose to leave the U.S. – a Black woman chose to leave the U.S. – and live in Venezuela. She’s been there for seven years now.
She said to me something that I still to this day reflect on and find very interesting. She said to me, “Cynthia technically I’m poor, but I have health care, I’m a teacher – I teach English and so I provide education for people – I have all the food that I need to eat, and so I question how they could call me poor.” And she went on to say that she found the materialism and the focus on consumption in the United States appalling and it just reached the point that she had to leave, so she left.
Every so often there was a debt jubilee: People would charge up their credit cards buying Western things, and so there was a jubilee on that and people would be relieved of that debt. When was the last time that happened here?
She said that there were seven other U.S. people who left with her. They were all men, and they all eventually returned to the United States. She said she recently reached out to all of them; to a person, every one of them is sorry that they returned to the U.S., because now they understand that quality of life doesn’t mean how many cars you have parked in your driveway and how big a driveway you have and how many houses you accumulate and what the square footage of your house is. That’s not an indication of your quality of life.
I think back to the King of Bhutan (a kingdom in the Eastern Himalayas), who said that the indicators for success for Bhutan were now going to be an indication of happiness: gross national happiness instead of gross national product. It’s all in the way we look at how we are supposed to relate to each other and to relate to earth. Mother Earth is not a commodity. Mother Earth is what sustains and gives us life.
M.O.I. JR: For those of you just tuning in, you are listening to the voice of the international peace activist Cynthia McKinney, who is on her way to the Bay Area. Wednesday, April 24, she will be speaking at the Laney College Forum at 6 p.m. And the next night, Thursday, April 25, she will be speaking at the Arlene Francis Center in Santa Rosa at 7 p.m. Ms. Cynthia McKinney, how can people stay in touch with you if they would like to hear more about what you’re talking about and they’re not able to make it to the tour?
CM: Well, I hope everyone will come to the tour. At least come see me, give me a hug, give me a high five, because it’s hard really to go on. There’s a friend of mine who says people don’t understand how hard it is to be Cynthia McKinney, so I’m going to unveil myself. I’m just going to be a regular ordinary person and I’d like to experience regular ordinary folks who want to talk about real things.
We can talk about politics, but let’s talk about life and love and living and happiness and wellness. Let’s talk about some other things. But if people can’t come, we can interact now, because I’m learning a little bit more about Facebook – at Cynthia McKinney official. If you go to the regular Cynthia McKinney page – there’s about three or four of them – don’t do that. Go to the one that says “official,” because that’s the one that I operate. I don’t even know who operates the other ones.
M.O.I. JR: As well as they can buy the two new books.
CM: Oh yes, of course; they can buy the books. Clarity Press makes them available online, or you can send someone to buy them in person and I’ll sign them.
Editor’s note: Both books were available on the tour until they sold out. The Bay View is special ordering more, which Cynthia will autograph. Email email@example.com or call (415) 671-0789 to order one or both books.
The People’s Minister of Information JR is associate editor of the Bay View, author of “Block Reportin’“ and filmmaker of “Operation Small Axe” and “Block Reportin’ 101,” available, along with many more interviews, at www.blockreportradio.com. He also hosts two weekly shows on KPFA 94.1 FM and kpfa.org: The Morning Mix every Wednesday, 8-9 a.m., and The Block Report every other Friday night-Saturday morning, midnight-2 a.m. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
RUMEC & PROTONMAIL
CHIAPAS ´s amber
CHIAPAS’S AMBER Although there are amber deposits in several parts of the world, Chiapas amber is special. In its natural state it is found in yellow-, red- or gold-colored nodes inside sandy, calcareous marine strata and layers of lignite in geological formations dating from the end of the Oligocene and the beginning of the Miocene epochs, from between 22.5 to 26 million years ago. Researchers have determined that its paleo-botanical origin was the resin of a legume called the Hymenaea, an ancestor of the tree known locally as the guapiñol.
COPY AND CHECK OUR AMBER RUMEC CATOLOG
RUMEC AMBER DOCUMENTARY COMING SOON...
RUMEC COMERCIO CONSCIENTE
Por Redacción RUMEC/ 20/12/16
Desde su fundación realizada por Miguel Suarez, RUMEC es construcción metafórica y literal. Las raíces Comercio consciente:
ancestrales son uno de los ejes simbólicos a través de los cuales RUMEC se identifica. Tierra, trabajo e igualdad. La tierra es pues de quien la trabaja por tanto es necesario dar lo justo a cada cual. Comercio e intercambio consciente, que el mundo conozca y reconozca la gran producción que México produce en muy distintos rubros, que la gente que trabaja para otorgar su creación sea valorada por su entrega y pasión a su labor.
Y es que el territorio mexicano es un vasto y diverso crisol de idiomas, costumbres y tradiciones. Uno puede acudir a cada rincón de este rico país, México, toparse a cada paso con un mundo por conocer y dar otro paso y no terminar en una vida. Literal. Maravillarse con la belleza y la riqueza que abunda en estas tierras buenas y no solo eso, conocer e intercambiar con un sinnúmero de gente.
Uno de todos esos lugares, quizá uno de los más bellos, es San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas. Es por ello que en esta ocasión RUMEC está aquí en San Cristóbal, para entablar lazos con su cultura y su gente. Aquí donde la cultura Zoque es un baluarte contemporáneo que debe ser mundialmente reconocido. Lleno de vida y verdes “San Cris”, como comúnmente es nombrado este municipio chiapaneco se distingue por albergar a artistas muy talentosos y talentosas. Una de ellas es Enzué, una artista y grabadora nativa de la Ciudad de México con una gran trayectoria de creación que actualmente radicada en San Cristóbal de las Casas.
En días recientes, Enzué, celebró el primer aniversario de su galería Enzué Open Art estudio en San Cristóbal de la Casas y RUMEC estuvo ahí para acompañar este gran acontecimiento que en palabras de la artista representa la coronación de un año de esfuerzo. A su vez está celebración tuvo como fin la preservación de los usos y costumbres de la cultura y la gastronomía Zoque. Este evento que fue impulsado por TEQUIO MEQUÉ, un colectivo de portadores zoques tuxtlecos especializados en la preservación y sostenibilidad basada en la fiesta ritual zoque tuxtleca.
Un evento que ha contado con degustación y música en vivo de sonidos ancestrales con virtudes sanadoras y cuyos ejes más destacados han sido los de expresar la importancia del alimento orgánico, así como resaltar la importancia de esta importante cultura, predecesora de la cultura Maya y Olmeca, según investigaciones de TEQUIO MEQUË; la importancia del concepto de Autoarquía, es decir, la promoción del consumo local y regional en primer lugar como salvaguarda de la economía de la comunidad.
Como líneas más arriba se menciona RUMEC construye igualdad estuvo ahí para soldar la relación con Enzué, partiendo de la premisa de que unidos y organizados podemos llegar más lejos, RUMEC y Enzué han decidido formar una alianza para desarrollar una línea de distribución de arte y cultura donde el comercio consiente sea el norte. Además de poner bien en alto a la cultura Zoque y su relación con el maíz y la tierra. Si algo hay de importante para RUMEC es que los productos mexicanos puedan llegar a rincones antes impensados.
Palabras clave: RUMEC, Cultura Zoque, Enzué
Entre la variedad que ofrece esta cocina podemos encontrar el pozol, shuti, frijol con masa, chanfaina y machetones, además un platillo exótico de larvas de abeja de panal blanco asadas.
RUMEC & MEZCAL
EN ASOCIACION CON RUMEC :
Para todo mal mezcal, para todo bien también" Dicho popular.
También el mezcal tiene su mito
Un rayo, al golpear un agave, fue quien hizo la primera tatema. Es por eso se considera la bebida llegada del cielo. Para hacer el mezcal, se asan las pencas y raíz, ya sea en hornos de leña o de gas, o como barbacoa, enterrándolas en el suelo. En los mercados se venden las pencas tatemadas de maguey. Los indios apaches mezcaleros reciben ese nombre porque estas pencas horneadas, precisamente, sin fermentar, fueron parte esencial de su dieta.
El origen del mezcal se remonta a tiempos ancestrales, en Mesoamérica, donde ya se obtenía del agave, cuya bebida se consideraba sagrada y con la cual se creía se entraba en "contacto con los dioses".
La producción en sus inicios se hacía con plantas de agave silvestre, posteriormente comenzó su cultivo hasta convertirse en una tradición. El agave se jima, se tatema, se fermenta y se destila para obtener un producto que durante gran parte de la Colonia estuvo prohibido.
El mezcal, como tantas otras bebidas alcohólicas, nació no sólo cerca del ceremonial y la fiesta, sino también cerca de los remedios y de la medicina. En la medicina tradicional, el mezcal, como el alcohol de caña, se utilizan para asperjar, sobar y limpiar. Con él se bendicen también las milpas, las construcciones y las cruces.
En el Valle de Oaxaca, se acompaña a los santos difuntos al panteón, el 2 de noviembre y se vierte el último trago encima de los sepulcros, para que las ánimas vayan bien despedidas. Es parte importante en todas las fiestas: se cuenta entre los regalos cuando hay petición de novia, bautizos, velorios y fiestas patronales. El mezcal y las bebidas fuertes se reparten y se intercambian en tequios (trabajo comunal voluntario y gratuito) y veladas, y se bebe ofreciendo a las cuatro direcciones, o metiendo el dedo y ofrendando estas gotas a la tierra. A diferencia de la cerveza, el tepache o chicha, éste es el licor ritual, ceremonial y de la vida civil de muchos pueblos indígenas del país.
El mezcal es bebida ceremonial, grupal, de adultos. Con el mezcal se ofrenda, con las otras bebidas, se brinda. En las fiestas siempre se reparte en orden jerárquico y no se le puede rechazar, aunque sí guardar en las botellas que se llevan para este fin. Se bebe sólo lo que se ofrece y al ritmo que se ofrece, durante los tres o cuatro días que duren las celebraciones.
TIPOS DE MEZCAL
El corriente o chaparrose fermenta en cueros, con corteza de madera de timbre y pulque.
El mezcal de puntas es el de la primera destilación y el de colas es de la resacada, a cuyo caldo a veces se le añade miel.
Al de gusano se le pone, para envasarlo, un gusano de maguey. Suele tomarse, además, con sal de gusano, que no falta en las cantinas donde lo sirven, ni en las ollitas en las cuales se vende.
Mezcal de gusano
La elaboración de mezcal involucra ocho especies y 17 formas protegidas o silvestres, la mayor producción se da en la “región del mezcal” de los Valles Centrales y Sierra Sur. El espadín (Agave angustifolia) se cultiva con fines comerciales en siete distritos. Otras especies corresponden al maguey mexicano (Agave rhodacantha), papalometl (Agave potatorum), tobalá (Agave seemanniana), tepeztate (Agave marmorata), cirial, barril, bicuixe, tobasiche (Agave karwinskii), arroqueño (Agave americana variedad americana) y maguey Sierra Negra (Agave americana variedad oaxacensis).